National & International Conferences/Workshops Attended 

  1. Presented a paper entitled “An Examination of the Role of Iron in the Origins of Ancient Indian Buddhism” at the International Conference on National Cultures and Buddhism, New Delhi, 12-14 October 1984.

  2. Presented a paper entitled “Buddhism and Marxism on Liberty and Equality” at the National Conference on Buddhism and Marxism, Sampūrṇānanda Sanskrit University, Varanasi, 17-23 February 1985.

  3. Presented a paper entitled “Meat-eating and Non-violence in Early Buddhism” at the 7th Conference of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, Bologna, Italy, 08-13 July 1985.

  4. Presented a paper entitled “Early Buddhist Attitude towards Women” at the 32nd International Congress of Asian and North African Studies, Hamburg, Germany, 31 August- 6 September, 1986.

  5. Presented a paper entitled “Some Reflections on the Linkages between the Gaṅgā Urbanization and the Origins of Buddhism” at the 8th Conference of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, Berkeley, USA, 08-11 August 1987.

  6. Presented a paper entitled “Who and What Originated the Earliest Buddhism?” at the 7th World Sanskrit Congress, Leiden, Holland, 25 August- 01 September 1987.

  7. Presented a paper entitled “Ācariyaparamparā and Date of the Buddha” at the VIIIth World Sanskrit Congress, Vienna, Austria, 27 August 27- 02 September 1990.

  8. Presented a paper entitled “Indian Buddhism and its Ecological Perspective” at the XXIIIrd International Buddhist Conference, Indosan Nipponji, Bodhgaya, India, 08-09 December 1999.

  9. Presented two papers entitled “Kururaṭṭha: the Ancient Kingdom of Delhi and its Role in the Development of early Buddhism” and “Ācariyaparamparā and Date of the Buddha” at the 36th International Congress of Asian and North African Studies, Montreal, Canada, 26 August- 02 September 2000.

  10. Presented a paper entitled “Double Tragedy: A Reappraisal of the Decline of Buddhism in India” at the Indo-Korean International Seminar on Buddhist Culture, organized by the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi (India) and Department of Buddhist Studies, Dongguk University, Seoul, S. Korea, 04-05 December 2000.

  11. Presented a paper entitled “Staying Windward and Washing Eyes with Perfumed Water: An Examination of Upper Caste Attitude towards Caṇḍālas as Reflected in the Pāli Tipiṭaka” at the National Seminar on Buddhism and Social Ideals organized by the Department of Pāli & Buddhist Studies, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 27-28 February 2001.

  12. Presented a paper entitled “Buddhist Quest for Deep Ecology” at the International Seminar on Indo-Korean Cultural Exchange, jointly organized by the Indian Council of Philosophical Research and Department of Buddhist Studies, Dongguk University, Seoul, S. Korea, at New Delhi, 17-19 December 2001.

  13. Presented a paper entitled “Buddhism and Animal Rights” at the The Role of Buddhism in the 21st Century, 4th Chung-Hwa International Conference on Buddhism, Taipei, RoC, 18-20 January 2002.

  14. Presented a paper entitled “On the Question of Peace and Harmony in the Post-Modern World: a Buddhist Approach” at the 4th International Conference on Peace and Harmony in World Religions, Guru Gobind Singh Department of Religious Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, India, 29-31 January 2002.

  15. Presented a paper entitled “How and why did Buddhism Decline in India?” at the Symposium on Indian Religions, Art and Culture, organized by National Museum of History, Taipei. 22-23 November 2002.

  16. Presented a paper entitled “How Relevant is Buddhism in the Post-Modern World?” at the XXVIth International Buddhist Conference, Indosan Nipponji, Bodhgaya, India, 08-09 December 2002.

  17. Chaired a Session and presented a paper entitled “An Evaluation of the Buddhist Attitude Towards Ecology” at the Sri Lanka-Korean International Seminar on Buddhist Culture, organized jointly by the Department of Pāli and Buddhist Studies, Peradeniya University, Kandy, Sri Lanka, and the Department of Buddhist Studies, Dongguk University, Seoul, S. Korea at Colombo, Sri Lanka, 02-05 February 2003.

  18. Presented a paper entitled “The Politics of Pilgrimage to Gang Rimpoche” at the Symposium on Contemporary Tibetan Studies, organized by the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission, Government of Republic of China, Taipei, Taiwan, 22-23 November 2003.

  19. Presented a paper entitled “Kailāsh-Mānasarovar Pilgrimage: The Indian Route” at the Teacher’s Conference of the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, Jinshan, Taiwan, 13 November 2004.

  20. Presented  a  paper  entitled  “Freedom  and  Human  Rights  in  Tibet:  A  Pilgrim’s Impressions” at the International Symposium on the Freedom, Human Rights and Democratic Transition of Tibetans in Exile organized by the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission, Government of Republic of China, Taipei, Taiwan, 30 November 2004.

  21. Presented a paper entitled “Nālandā Mahāvihāra: A Glorious Example of the Sunset of Buddhism in India. But Who caused it?” at the National Seminar on Contribution of Nālandā Mahāvihāra to World Culture, organized by the Navanalanda Mahavihara, Nalanda at New Delhi, 9-10 January 2005.

  22. Presented a paper entitled “Master Cheng Yen’s Tzu Chi and Its Engaged Buddhist ActivitiesE at the XIXth World Congress of the International Association for the History of Religions (IAHR 2005), Tokyo, Japan, 23-30 March 2005.

  23. Presented a paper entitled “Pilgrimage to Gang Rimpoche: History of the Indian Connection” at the 14th Conference of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, London, UK, 29 August- 03 September 2005.

  24. Presented a paper entitled “Ecological Degradation and Buddhavacana” at the World Buddhist Academic Colloquium organized by Dharma Drum Mountain Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan, 20-20 October 2005.

  25. Presented a paper entitled “Value of Archaeological Data in the Calculation of the Date of the Buddha” XXXth International Buddhist Conference, Indosan Nipponji, Bodhgaya, India, 08-09 December 2005.

  26. Presented a paper entitled “Impact of the New Date of the Buddha on Buddhist Studies” at the Hawaii International Conference on Arts and Humanities, Honolulu, USA, 11-14 January 2006.

  27. Presented a paper entitled “The Buddha’s Dharma as Deep Ecology and its Relevance in the Post-Modern World,” at the Fourth Biannual International Conference on Dharma and Abhidharma, K.J. Somaiya Centre for Buddhist Studies, Mumbai, India, 6-9 March 2006.

  28. Presented a paper entitled “Staying Windward and Washing Eyes with Perfumed Water:An Examination of Brāhmaṇical Attitude towards Untouchables in Ancient Punjab as Reflected in the Jātakas” as Section President (Ancient), 38th Session, Punjab History Conference, Department of Punjab Historical Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, India, 18-20 March 2006. This paper was a revised version of the paper presented with the same title at the National Seminar on Buddhism and Social Ideals organized by the Department of Pāli & Buddhist Studies, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 27-28 February 2001.

  29. Presented a paper entitled “Ancient Cities of the Punjab as Reflected in Pāli Tipiṭaka,” at the National Seminar on Buddhism in Punjab: Past and Present, Guru Gobind Singh Department of Religious Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, India, 28-29 March 2006.

  30. Presented a paper entitled “Relevance of Buddhavacana in Building a Just Society” at the 2006 Hua Yen Symposium on Buddhism, Avataṃsaka Buddhist Lotus Society, Milpitas, California, USA, 5-7 May 2006.

  31. Session chairperson, National Seminar on Concept of Equality and Justice in Buddhism organized by the Centre for Buddhist Studies, Pune University, Pune, 10-12 March 2007.

  32. Delivered a key-note speech on “Socially Engaged Buddhism in the Post-Modern WorldE at the National Seminar on Socially Engaged Buddhism organized by the Centre for Buddhist Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, 31 March- 01 April 2007.

  33. Presented a paper entitled “Buddhist Economics: Where People not Goods Matter” and chaired a session at the First International CBS Conference on Buddhism and its Social Significance for the Asian World, Visvabharati, Santiniketan, 25-28 September 2007.

  34. Presented a paper entitled “How Elitistic was Ancient Indian Buddhism?” XXXII International Buddhist Conference, Indosan Nipponji, Bodhgaya, India, 8-9 December, 2007.

  35. Presented a paper entitled “Buddhist Perspective on Pluralism and Multi-Culturalism” at the Fifth Biannual International Conference on Unity in Diversity, K.J. Somaiya Centre Centre for Buddhist Studies, Mumbai, India, 10-13 January 2008.

  36. Delivered a plenary lecture entitled “Divisive Politics and the First Council” and chaired a session at the International Seminar on Buddhist Saṅgītis, Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, 8-10 February 2008.

  37. Discussant, International Seminar and Exhibition on History of the Central Asian Collections in Institutions Worldwide, jointly organized by Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, International Dunhuang Project (IDP), British Museum, London and Ford Foundation, New Delhi, 17-19 March 2008.

  38. Delivered a plenary lecture entitled “Research Methodology in Buddhist Studies” at the at the Two-Day National Seminar on Research Methodology, Department of Pāli, Pune University, Pune, 24-25 March 2008.

  39. Presented two papers entitled “Role of Buddhist Economics in Building a Just Society” and “Buddhist Perspective on Gender Bias” at the Fifth United Nations Day of Vesak 2008, Hanoi, Vietnam, 15-18 May 2008.

  40. Presented a paper entitled “Six Mahānagars of the Time of the Buddha: Then and Now” and chaired the plenary session at the International Conference on the Study of the Sino-Indian Cultural Exchange via the Silk Road, organized by Tarim University, Alar, Xinjiang, China, 1-3 September 2008.

  41. Presented a paper entitled “Evaluation of the Role of Sectarianism in the Decline of Buddhism in India” and chaired a session at the National Seminar on the Origin and Development of Buddhist Sects, organized by Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, India, 6-7 February 2009.

  42. Presented a paper entitled “Buddhism and Consumer Economics” and chaired a session at the International Conference on Buddhism as Peace-Maker in the Post-Modern SAARC, organized by Foundation of SAARC Writers and Literature, India International Centre, New Delhi, India, 4-5 March 2009.

  43. Presented three thematic lectures on “History of Indian Buddhism,” “Spread of Buddhism in India,” and “Pilgrimage in Tibet: A Case Study,” at the Training Workshop for Practicing Guides on Buddhism: Indian Cultural Heritage Specialist Guide Programme, organized jointly by the UNESCO and INTACH at Leh, Ladakh, 14-19 March 2009. 

  44. Presented a paper entitled “Xuanzang to Akbar: An Examination of the Decline of Buddhism in the Kashmir Valley,” at the 3-Day National Seminar on the Contribution of Kashmir to Buddhist Thought and Religion, organized by Institute of Kashmir Studies, University of Kashmir in collaboration with Central Institute of Buddhist Studies, Choglamsar, Leh (Ladakh), 14-16 September 2009.

  45. Presented a paper entitled “Tantra and Decline of Buddhism” and chaired a session at the International Seminar on Pāli, organized by Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, New Delhi, 22-24 September 2009.

  46. Presented a paper entitled “Research Methodology in Buddhist Studies” at the Ninth Conference of the Indian Society of Buddhist Studies, held at the University of Kashmir, Srinagar, 5-7 October 2009.

  47. Presented a paper entitled “The Concept of Ecology and Eco-Culture in India” at the Second International Conference on Asian Eco-culture, organized by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Government of the Republic of Korea, Seoul, 14-17 October 2009.

  48. Presented a paper entitled “Modern Society, Consumer Economics, and Buddhism” at the Third International Lay Buddhist’s Forum, organized by the Kuching Buddhist Society, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, 18-22 December 2009.

  49. Presented a paper entitled “Bhārukaccha, Dvāravatī, and Sīhapura: Three Important Cities of Gujarat as Known in Early Indian Buddhism” at the International Seminar on Buddhist Heritage, organized by the Department of Archaeology, M.S. University of Baroda and the Government of Gujarat, Vadodara, 15-17 January 2010.

  50. Chaired a session and presented a paper entitled “Initial Encounters between Buddhism and Islam in India: An Examination of Conversions to Islam during the Eighth Century” at the Three-Day International Seminar on Intercultural & Interreligious Dialogue Specially in Buddhism, Hinduism and Islam: The India, Iran, Afghanistan, South East Asia & Central Context, organized by the Department of Persian, Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam, 4-6 February 2010.

  51. Chaired a session and presented a paper entitled “An Evaluation of Faxian, Xuanzang Yijing, Hye Cho, and Zhao Rugua as Sources on the Decline of Buddhism in India” at the International Conference on Buddhism in East Asia, organized by the Department of East Asian Studies, University of Delhi, Delhi, 12-13 February 2010.

  52. Chaired a session and presented a paper entitled “Buddhist Response to Globalization” at the International Seminar on Buddhism and Globalization, organized by the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, Delhi, 17-19 February 2010.

  53. Chaired a session and presented a paper entitled “Initial Encounters between Buddhism and Islam in Pakistan” at the First International Seminar on Peaceful Co-Existence in Islam and Indian Religions, organized by the Al Mustafa International University (Iran), New Delhi, 6-7 March 2010.

  54. Presented a paper entitled “Dissent and Protest in Early Indian Buddhism with Special Reference to Devadatta” at the International Conference on Devotion and Dissent in Indian History, organized by the Centre for Historical Studies, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 11-13 March 2010.

  55. Attended a 10-Day Training Course on Web Designing & HTML conducted by Delhi University Computer Centre, University of Delhi, 05-16 April, 2010.

  56. Presented a paper entitled “Indo-Greeks, Puṣyamitra Śuṅga, and the Decline of Buddhism in India” at the National Seminar on Greece beyond Greece (With Special Reference to Vedic, Greek, and Iranian Parallels: The Cultural Triangle, jointly organized by School of Language, Literature, and Culture Studies, (JNU), Special Centre for Sanskrit Studies (JNU), and Indian Society of Greek and Roman Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 17-19 April, 2010.

  57. Presented a paper entitled “Building a Buddhist Heaven in Taiwan: Cheng Yen=s Weltanschauung” at the International Conference on Buddhist Heritage and Tradition in East Asia and South East Asia, jointly organized by the Indian Embassy in Seoul, Indian Council of Cultural Relations and Dongguk University, Seoul, S. Korea, 10-11 May, 2010.

  58. Chaired a session at the Sixth Biannual International Conference on Buddhist Meditation: Texts, Tradition, and Practices, jointly organized by K.J. Somaiya Centre for Buddhist Studies, Indian Council for Cultural Relations, Vietnam Buddhist University, Nava Nalanda Mahavihara, Mumbai, 3-5 September 2010.

  59. Moderated a session at the First International Conference on Buddhist Heritage in South East Asia, organized by the Royal Academy of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, 3-4 December 2010.

  60. Delivered a key-note lecture entitled “Role of the Buddhist Saṃgha in Today=s Globalizing World” at the Annual National Conference of the Cambodian Buddhist Saṃgha, jointly organized by the Preah Sihanouk Raj Buddhist University and the Ministry of Cults and Religions, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 03-04 January 2011.

  61. Presented a paper entitled “Buddhism and Globalization” at Workshop on Buddhism and Leadership in the Context of Globalization,” jointly organized by UNESCO Youth for Peace and Cambodian Institute for Cooperation and Peace, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 28-31 March 2011.

  62. Chaired a session and presented a paper entitled “Buddhist Economics: Lessons to be Learnt” at the Four-Day All India National Seminar on Buddhist Contribution to Indian Culture, organized by the Central Institute of Buddhist Studies, Choglamsar, Leh-Ladakh, 17-20 August 2011.

  63. Chaired a session, gave valedictory speech, and presented a paper entitled “Some Reflections on the Twilight Period of Buddhism in the Kashmir Valley” at the International Buddhist Conference on Buddhism in Kashmir, organized by Indian Council for Cultural Relations, New Delhi in association with the University of Kashmir, Srinagar and Central Institute of Buddhist Studies, Choglamsar, Leh-Ladakh, 5-6 September 2011.

  64. Delivered a special lecture at the Eleventh Annual Conference of the Indian Society for Buddhist Studies in Northeast Region jointly organized by the Indian Society for

  65. Buddhist Studies and Rāṣṭrīya Saṃskrit Saṃsthāna (New Delhi) at Gangtok, Sikkim, 16-18 September 2011.

  66. Presented a paper entitled “Xuanzang as a Source for the Study of Decline of Buddsm in India,” at the Fourth International Symposium on Xuanzang, Yanshi, Henan, People‟s Republic of China, 4-6 October 2011.

  67. Chaired two sessions and presented a paper entitled “Banteay Srei: A Look at the Scenes from the Mahābhārata and the Rāmāyaṇa in the Citadel of Women,” at the International Conference on Linkages Between South and Southeast Asia: Perspectives and Prospects, organized by the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, Delhi, 7-9 October 2011.

  68. Chaired a sessions and presented a paper entitled “Devadatta: Was He a Demon or a Saint?,” at the Conference of Asian Buddhist Forum on the Buddhist Canons and Early Mahāyāna Buddhism, organized jointly by National Taiwan University, India-Taipei Association and the Indian Council for Cultural Relations at Taipei (Taiwan), 9-10 December 2011.

  69.  Presented a paper entitled “Impact of Sufism on Buddhism in India,” at the International Seminar on Indo-Iranian Heritage in the Context of Sufism as a Bond between India, Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey and Central Asia, organized by the Department of Persian, Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam, 2-4 February 2012.

  70.  Chaired a sessions and presented a paper entitled “Archaeology of the Decline of Buddhism in India,” at the International Conference of Archaeology of Buddhism in Asia, organized by Archaeological Survey of India, New Delhi, 17-19 February 2012.

  71. Delivered a key-note lecture entitled “Buddhist Philosophy and Social Justice” at the

  72. One Day national Seminar on Buddhist Philosophy and Social Justice, organized by the Buddhist Studies Centre, SGGS Khalsa College, Mahilpur, Hoshiarpur, 31 January 2012.

  73. Presented a paper entitled “Ṣūfī Mysticism and Indian Religions” at the Third International Seminar on Peaceful Co-Existence with focus on Mysticism and Spirituality in Islam and Indian Religions, organized by Al-Mustafa International University at New Delhi, 11-12 March 2012.

  74. Chaired a session, participated in Group Discussion on Translation Policy, and presented a paper entitled “How to Translate a Pāli Text and For Whom?” at the International

  75. Tripiṭaka Symposium on Translation, Transliteration & Editing and Dictionary-Making, organized jointly by Baba Saheb Ambedkar Research & Training Institute and Department of Pāli Buddhist Studies, University of Pune, Pune, 23-24 March 2012.

  76. Presented a paper entitled “Mission of Buddhism in the Globalizing World” at the Third World Buddhist Forum, organized by the Buddhist Association of China, the Hong Kong Buddhist Association, and China Religious Culture Communication Association at Hong Kong, 25-27 April 2012.

  77. Chaired a sessions and presented a paper entitled “Banteay Srei, the Cambodian Citadel of the Women: A look at the Scenes from the Ancient Indian Epics and the Purāṇas,” at the International Seminar on Civilizational Dialogue between India and ASEAN, organized by the Ministry of External Affairs and Indian Council of Cultural Relations in association with Nālandā University and Government of Bihar, Patna, 20-22 July 2012.

  78. One-Day Author Workshop on “How to Write for and Get Published in Scientific Journals and Publish Manuscripts,” conducted by Springer-Verlag GmbH in collaboration with Delhi University Library System held at the Conference Centre, University of Delhi on 23 August 2012.

  79. Chaired a session and presented a paper entitled “Kailāśa-Mānasarovara Pilgrimage: A Pictorial View of Buddhist-Hindu-Bönpa Shrines,” at the International Seminar on Buddhist Art in the Western Himalayan Region, organized by the Department of History of Art, National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation and Museology at Leh, Ladakh, 28-30 August 2012.

  80.  Participated in the Academic Congress titled „Enabling the Young: Redefining Education‟ organized by the University of Delhi, 6-7 September 2012.

  81. Gave the valedictory speech, chaired two sessions, and presented a paper entitled “Dāna in Ancient Indian Buddhism: An Analysis of its Socio-Economic Ramifications,” at the

  82. International Seminar on Introspection on Buddhist Traditions, organized by the School of Buddhist Studies and Civilization, Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida, U.P., 7-9 September 2012.

  83. Presented a paper entitled “Ṣūfī Mysticism and Indian Religions,” at the 2012 CENSUR Conference on Religion in a Globalized Context: The Mediterranean and the World, organized by the Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences, Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida, Morocco, 20-22 September 2012.

  84. Chaired  a  session  and  delivered  a  special  lecture  entitled  “An  Examination  of Devadatta‟s Position in Early Indian Buddhism: Is His a Case of Victimization and Grave Injustice” at the Twelfth Annual Conference of the Indian Society for Buddhist Studies, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 01-04 November 2012.

  85. Presented a paper entitled “Translating Suttas from Pāli to English: Some Reflectns,” at the Seventh Biennial International Conference on Cross Cultural Transmission of Buddhist Texts: Critical Edition, Transliteration, and Translation, K.J. Somaiya Centre for Buddhist Studies, Mumbai, India, 04-07 December 2012.

  86. Chaired a session and presented a paper entitled “Buddhism and Society: An Examination of the Impact of Globalization” at the International Conference on Buddhism and Society organized by Central University of Tibetan Studies, Sarnath, 13-15 January 2013.

  87. Presented  a  paper  entitled  “Bārāṇasī  as  Known  to  the  Buddhists:  A  Literary  and

  88. Archaeological Perspective,” at the Lumbinī Symposium: Shared Buddhist-Heritage Between Indian and Nepal jointly organized by Indian Cultural Centre, Kathmandu, Lumbinī Development Trust, and Indian Council for Cultural Relations at Lumbinī, Nepal, 15-17 January 2013.

  89. Chaired  a  session  and  presented  a  paper  entitled  “Relevance  of  Buddhism  in  the Twenty-first  Century:  An  Examination  of  the  Impact  of  Globalization,”  at  the International Conference on Buddhist Heritage of Odisha: Situating Odisha in the GlobPerspective organized by Department of Tourism and Culture, Udayagiri and Pathrajpur, 1-3 February 2013.

  90. Presented a paper entitled “Buddhist Perception on Sustainable Development” at the Third World Youth Buddhist Seminar, held at Hong Kong Institute of Education, Tai Po, Hong Kong, 16-19 July 2013.

  91. Presented a paper entitled “Vasubandhu: Some Reflections on His Life and Philosophy of Yogācāra” at the First International Academic Forum on Maitreya Studies organized by the Institute of Maitreya Studies, Hong Kong, 23-25 August 2013.

  92.  Presented a paper entitled “The Tradition of Pilgrimage to Gang Rinpoche (冈仁波齐峰): Some Reflections on its Origins and Character,” at the Second International Conference of the Chinese Buddhist Forum, Shenzhen, People‟s Republic of China, 23-25 October 2013.

  93. Presented a paper entitled “An Evaluation of Chinese Source Material on the Decline of Buddhism in India,” at the International Conference on Cross-Cultural Interactions of Chinese Buddhism, jointly organized by the National Chengchi University and Dharma Drum Buddhist College, Jinshan and Taipei, 26-27 October 2013.

  94. Chaired a session and presented a paper entitled “Conception and Birth of the Buddha: An Examination of the Pāli Tradition,” at the National Conference on Pāli and Indian Culture, jointly organized by the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts and Special Centre for Sanskrit Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 22-23 March 2014.

  95. Gave key-note speech, chaired a session and presented a paper entitled “Road Blocks in Sustainable Development And Social Change: A Buddhist Critique of Modern Capitalism and Globalization,” at the 11th International Conference on the United Nations Day of Vesak Celebrations, Hanoi and Ninh Binh, Vietnam, 07-11 May 2014.

  96. Chaired a session and read a paper entitled “The Institution of the Dalai Lama: An Examination of the Concerns of Stake Holders,” at the Seminar on Recent Perspectives on Himalayan Buddhism jointly organized by Himachal Pradesh University and Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla, 27-28 May 2014.

  97. Chaired a session and read a paper entitled “The Decline of Buddhism in Sindh and the Punjab: An Examination of the Testimony of Chinese and Korean Travellers,” at the Second Conference of South Asian History organized by the Department of History, Punjabi University, Patiala, 17-19 October 2014.

  98. Presented a paper entitled “Traditional Education in India with Special Reference to Buddhism,” at the International Symposium on Traditional Educational Institute and Its Value as Cultural Heritage, organized by the Association for Inscribing Korea‟s Seowon on World Heritage List, Seoul, Korean, 24 October 2014.

  99. Gave a valedictory speech and presented a paper entitled “Buddhist Perspective on Sustainable Development in India and China,” at the Chongsheng International Forum 2014 on Common Fate of Buddhism and Asian People, Dali, Yunnan, China, 31 October-02 November 2014.

  100. Presented a paper entitled “Māyā‟s Dream: An Examination of the Legends Pertaining to the Buddha‟s Conception and Birth,” at the International Buddhist Conference organized by the Theravada Academy of Nepal and Sitagu International Buddhist Academy, Myanmar at Lumbinī, 15-18 November, 2014.

  101. Presented a paper entitled “The Dalai Lama: Origin, Development and Future of the Institution,” at the National Seminar on Contemporary Buddhist Thinkers organized by the ICPR Center for Buddhist Studies, Department of Philosophy, Jadavpur University, 10-11 January, 2015.

  102. Chaired two sessions and presented a paper entitled “Some Reflections on the Decline of Buddhism in Bengal,” at the International Seminar on the Revival of Buddhism in Bengal organized by the Department of Pāli, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, 13-14 January 2015.

  103. Chaired a session, participated in a panel discussion, and presented a paper entitled “Was the Buddha Already Enlightened as a Householder?” at the National Seminar on Buddhism and Householders organized by the Department of Pāli, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, 08-10 March 2015.

  104. Delivered the keynote speech entitled “Buddhism and the Modern World” at the One Day National Seminar organized by the Buddhist Studies Centre of the UGC, RSD College, Firozpur City, Punjab, 14 March 2014.

  105. Presented a paper entitled “Buddhist Perspective on Ecology,” at the International Seminar on Contemporary Buddhism: Applications and Debates organized by the Department of Philosophy, University of Mumbai, 19-21 March 2015.

  106. Chaired a session, participated in a panel discussion and presented a paper entitled “Relevance of Buddhism in the Profit-Oriented Globalizing World” at the ICHR Sponsored National Seminar on Buddhist Philosophy: Old Glory and Future Prospects organized by the Department of History, MPG College, Mussoorie, Uttarakhand, 24-25 March 2015.

  107. Participated in a panel discussion and delivered a talk on “Biography of the Buddha and Various Legends: Issues in Research Methodology” at the ICHR Sponsored Research Methodology for the Study of Buddhism organized by the Department of History, MPG College, Mussoorie, Uttarakhand, 26-27 March 2015.

  108. Presented a paper entitled “Buddhist and Muslim Encounters in the Eighth Century Sind,” at the International Conference on Buddhist and Muslim Encounters in Premodern South Asia organized by the University of Lausanne, Switzerland, 12-13 October, 2015.

  109. Chaired a session and read a paper entitled “Bhakti Movement and the Decline of Indian Buddhism” at the Third South Asian History Conference organized by the Department of History, Punjabi University, Patiala, 16-18 October 2015.

  110. Chaired a session and read a paper entitled “Buddhist Perspective on the Maintenance of Ecological Balance” at the Third International Dharma-Dhamma Conference on Harmony of Religions, organized by the Sanchi University of Buddhist and Indic Studies and Ministry of Culture, MP Government, Indore, 24-26 October 2015

  111. Chaired a session and read a paper entitled “Brāhmaṇical-Hinduism and Animistic Practices in Modern Cambodian Buddhism” at the International Conference on Buddhism in the Mekong Region: Its History and Development organized jointly by the Vietnam Buddhist Research Institute and the University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ho-Chi-Minh City, Vietnam, 13-14 November 2015.

  112. Gave the inaugural speech and read a paper entitled “Xuanzang‟s Da Tang Xiyuji and the Psyche of Decline of Indian Buddhism,” at the International Symposium on Xuanzang and the Silk Road organized by the Institute of Buddhist Studies, Northwest University, Xi‟an, Shaanxi, China, 28-29 November 2015.

  113. Delivered the key-note address on “Contribution of Pāli-Prākṛta in the Indian Knowledge System” at the Three-Day National Seminar on the Contribution of Pali-Prakrit in Indian Knowledge System held by the Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, New Delhi, 04-06 December 2015.

  114. Presented a paper entitled “Monasteries, Urbanization, and the Decline of Buddhism in India: An Examination of the Archaeological Material” at the International Conference on Buddhist Monasteries of South Asia and China organized by the Society for Buddhist Art and Archaeology, New Delhi, 07-09 December 2015.

  115. Chaired a session and read a paper entitled “An Examination of the Different Contestations for a Share in the Gayā Dharmakṣetra: The Buddha to Nitish Kumar” at the 15th Annual Conference of the Indian Society for Buddhist Studies organized by the Department of Jainology and Comparative Religion and Philosophy, Jain Vishva Bharati Institute, Ladnun, 11-13 December 2015.

  116. Presented a paper entitled “Constructing a Hero‟s Biographical Module: An Examination of Some Buddhist Legends” at the 3rd Annual International Conference on Humanities & Arts in a Global World, organized by the Athens Institute for Education and Research, Athens, Greece, 03-06 January 2016.

  117. Chaired a session and presented a paper entitled “Maritime Navigation in the Arabian Sea and Buddhism in Sind” at the International Conference of the Maritime Navigation and the Propagation of Buddhism organized by Sun Yat-sen University and the Dafo Monastery, Guangzhou, China, 12-14 January 2016.

  118. Participated in the conference on Maritime Silk Road and the Spread of Lingnan Buddhism organized by the Maritime Silk Road and Lingnan Culture Summit Forum, Guangzhou, China, 15-17 January 2016.

  119. Chaired a session and presented a plenary paper entitled “An Examination of the Morality behind various Contestations for a Share in the Gayā Dharmakṣetra: From the Earliest Time till Anagārika Dharmapāla” at the National Seminar on Philosophy of Mind, Matter, Moral in Buddhist Perspective organized by the Centre of Mahāyāna Buddhist Studies, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Nagarjuna Nagar, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, 12-14 February 2016.

  120. Chaired a session and presented a paper entitled “Māyā‟s Dream: An Examination of the Narrative in Art and Literature” at the International Seminar on Buddhist Narrative organized by the Department of Pāli, S.P. Pune University, 24-26 February 2016.

  121. Gave the Sectional Presidential speech entitled “Legends as Sources of History: An Examination of Legends Pertaining to the Biography of the Buddha” and chaired a session at the 48th Session of the Punjab History Conference organized by the Department of Punjab Historical Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, 4-6 March 2016.

  122. Presented a paper entitled “Pilgrimage to Gang Rimpoche (Kailash) and its Indian Connections” and participated in the panel discussion in the International Seminar on Trans-Himalayan Buddhism: Exploring the Cultural Space organized by the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies (MAKAIAS), Kolkata, 10-11 March 2016.

  123. Presented a paper entitled “A Critical Introduction to Vasubandhu‟s Triṃśikā and His Other Works,” in the First Maitreya Youth Cultural Festival organized by the Institute of Maitreya Studies, Hong Kong, 25-28 March 2016.

  124. Participated in the International Conference on Living the Right Way: Universal Message of Simhasth 2016 organized jointly by the Government of Madhya Pradesh and Sanchi University of Buddhist and Indic Studies, Indore, 12-14 May 2016.

  125. Gave the Inaugural Speech, chaired a session, and presented a paper entitled “Legends as Sources of History: An Examination of Legends Pertaining to the Biography of the Buddha” at the National Seminar on Four Noble Truths organized by the Central Institute of Buddhist Studies (Deemed University), Choglamsar, Leh, 23-26 August 2016.

  126. Presented a paper entitled “Buddhist Perspective on Changing Humanitarian Landscape” at the Humanitarian Tiffin Talk on Challenges of the Changing Humanitarian Landscape-Role of Interfaith Organisations organized by the International Committee of the Red Cross, New Delhi, 29 September 2016.

  127. Chaired a session and read a paper entitled “Buddhist Dharma and Sustainable Development: A Buddhist Critique of Modern Capitalism and Globalization” at the

  128. Fourth International Dharma-Dhamma Conference on Dharma and Polity, organized by Sanchi University of Buddhist and Indic Studies and Ministry of Culture, MP Government, Bhopal, 19-21 October 2016.

  129. Chaired two sessions and delivered a special lecture entitled “An Examination of Māyā's Dream and Other Legends pertaining to the Buddha‟s Conception and Birth” at the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Indian Society of Buddhist Studies, organized at the Punjabi University, Patiala, 21-23 October 2016.

  130.  Presented a paper entitled “Xuanzang as a Source for the Study of the Decline of Indian Buddhism” at the International Conference on Buddhist Cultures and Maritime Silk Road in the 21st Century organized by the Department of Philosophy of East China Normal University and Shanghai Jade Buddha Temple, Shanghai, China, 23-24 December 2016.

  131. Presented a paper entitled “Buddhist Perspective on Transition Strategies for Sustainable Community Systems” at the First Symposium on Transition Strategies for Sustainable

  132. Community Systems: Design and Systems Perspectives, organized by Xavier University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, 19-20 January 2017.

  133. Presented  a  paper  entitled  “Aṣṭapada  of  the  Jainas:  Some  Reflections  on  its Identification” at the One Day National Seminar on Jain Monuments in India: Heritage in Continuity organized by Satyawati College (Evening), Delhi University, Delhi, 03 April 2017.

  134.  Presented a paper entitled “Buddhist Perspective on Inter-Religious Understanding and the Common Future of Humankind” at the 14th United Nations Day of Vesak on Buddhist Teachings for Social Justice and Sustainable World Peace organized by the Government of Sri Lanka, Colombo, 12-14 May 2017.

  135. Presented a paper entitled “The Maritime Silk Road, Arabian Sea and Buddhism in Early Medieval Western India” at the Second Maritime Silk Road International Seminar on Cultural Linkage between China and India since Ancient Times organized by Fujian Museum and Fujian Provincial Department of Culture and Foreign Affairs, Fujian, China, 19 May 2017.

  136. Presented a paper entitled “Buddhist Perspective on Interfaith Dialogue” at the Two-Day International Seminar on Cultural Encounters and Confluences between India and Korea jointly organized by Indian Council of Philosophical Research and Korean Cultural Centre, New Delhi, 29-30 June, 2017.

  137.  Presented a paper entitled “Interfaith Dialogue: A Buddhist Perspective” and chaired a session at the International Conference on Buddhism: Traditions, Ideologies and Dissent organized by School of Buddhist Studies and Civilization, Gautam Buddha University, NOIDA, 7-9 September 2017.

  138. Addressed the inaugural session and presented a paper entitled “The Mahājvālā Temple of Baku, Azerbaijan: An Example of the Wonder that was India,” at the World History Conference, 2017 on Values, Ethics and Culture: Past and Present organized by Amity University, 4-5 October, 2017.

  139. Chaired a session and presented a paper entitled “First Encounters of Indian Buddhists and Hindus with Islam,” at Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Indian Society of Buddhist Studies (ISBS) held at the Sanchi University of Buddhist-Indic Studies, Barla, Madhya Pradesh, 13-15 October, 2017.

  140.  Chaired a session, presented a paper entitled “Why was the Buddha Reluctant to Visit the Gayā Dhammakhetta?” and gave the valedictory lecture at the Fourth International Conference on Pāli and Buddhism organized by the Mahābodhi Society of India, Sarnath,Varanasi, 30-31 October, 2017.

  141. “Buddhist Perspective on Sustainable Development” and chaired a session at the Three-Day Global Conference on Buddhism and Globalization organized by the Mahābodhi Society of India, Bodhgaya, 30 January‒01 February 2018.

  142. “Universal Message of Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Literature” (Special Lecture), International Seminar on Universal Message of Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Literature organized by the Rashtriya Sanskrit Samsthan, Deva Prayag, Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, 4-5 February 2018.

  143. “Muḥammad Qāsim and the Encounter of Indian Buddhists and Hindus with Islam” at the National Conference on Indian History: Emerging Perspectives organized by the Indian Council of Historical Research, New Delhi, 5-7 March 2018.

  144. “Maitreya-Ideal and the Issue of Sustainable Development” at the International Conference of the Institute of Maitreya Studies, Hong Kong, 29-31 March 2018.

  145. “Buddhist Perspective on Ecology and Environmental Consciousness” at the International Buddhist Conference, Lumbini, Nepal, 28-30 April 2018.

  146. “Buddhism in Southeast Asia” (keynote Speech) and chaired a session at the Second International Conference on Buddhism in Southeast Asia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 03-08 September 2018

  147. “Ancient Indian Buddhist Educational System and Institutions” (Keynote Speech), Two-Day International Conference on Centres of Educational Excellence and Sites of Knowledge in Early India up to the Thirteenth Century CE, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College, Delhi University, 12-13 October 2018.

  148. “The Princess of Ayodhyā and Indo-Koraen Relations” (keynote speech), International Conference on Indo-Korean Relations and Buddhism organized by Subharti University, Meerut, 22 November 2018.

  149. Session chair, National Conference on Quantum Physics, Brain Function in Modern Science and Buddhist Philosophy organized by Tibet House, New Delhi, 1-2 December 2018.

  150. “Relevance of Pāli-based Buddhism in Today’s Globalizing World” (keynote speech), 10-Day Workshop on Pāli Language and Literature organized by Śrī Saṃkarācāriya University of Sanskrit, Kalady (Kerala), 10-20 January 2019.

  151. “Buddhism and Jainism on the Principle of ‘Vasudhaiva Kuṭumbakam” Vivekananda International Foundation Seminar on Vasudhaiva Kuṭumbakam, New Delhi, 16-17 January 2019.

  152. “Bābā Nānak’s Visit to the Mahājvālā Jī Temple of Baku and the Udāsī Paramparā” at the National Seminar on Sri Guru Nanak Dev, the Poetics of Vismād: A Futuristic Possibility organized by Khalsa College, Patiala, 19 January 2019.

  153. “Relevance of Buddhism in Today’s Globalizing World” (keynote speech), South Asian Festival of Buddhism and Sufism organized by Sahitya Akademi and Foundation of SAARC Writers and Literature, New Delhi, 22-24 February 2019.

  154. “Biography of the Buddha as Reflected in the Legends of the Jātakas” (keynote speech), Symposium on Popular Culture organized by Department of History, Janaki Devi Memorial College, Delhi University, 01 March 2019.

  155. “Buddhist Approach to Responsible Consumption and Sustainable Development” and moderated a session at the 16th United Day of Vesak International Conference organized by the National Buddhist Sangha, Hanam,Vietnam, 12-14 May, 2019.

  156. “Ancient Indian Education and Its Impact on Asian Culture” (Keynote Speech), National Seminar on Ancient Indian Educational and Its Impact on Asian Culture, jointly organized by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, Kolkata and College of Arts, Commerce and Science, Pataliputra University, Patna, 10-11 June 2019.

Scholarly Presentation

  1. “Role of Sri Lanka in the Spread of Buddhism in Southeast Asia,” at Pali College, Singapore, 23 June 1993.

  2. “How is the Date of the Mahāparinirvāṇa Calculated?” at the Fo Guang Shan, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 7 August 1993.

  3. “Ahiṃsā and Vegetarianism in Early Indian Buddhism,” at the Center for Buddhist studies, Taipei, Taiwan, 9 August 1993.

  4. “The Dating of the Buddha’s Life,” at the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, Xin Beitou, Taipei, Taiwan, 3 October 2000.

  5. “The Buddhist Councils,” Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, Xin Beitou, Taipei, Taiwan, 5 October 2000.

  6. “King Aśoka and His Policies toward Buddhism,” at the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, Xin Beitou, Taipei, Taiwan, 7 October 2000.

  7. “The Decline of Buddhism in India,” at the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, Xin Beitou, Taipei, Taiwan, 9 October 2000.

  8. “Why did Buddhism decline in India?” at the SITAGU Academy, Mandalay, Myanmar, 03 February 2005.

  9. “Concept of Pilgrimage in Buddhism,” Two-day Nineteenth Padmapāṇi Lecture 2007, jointly organized by Tibet House and India International Centre at India International Centre, New Delhi-110004, 12-13 December 2007.

  10. “Kailāsh-Mānasarovar Tīrthayātrā: The Indian Route,” Public Lecture, Visvabharati, Santiniketan 11 March 2008.

  11. “Pilgrimage to Kailash: A Photographic Journey,” Popular Series Lecture, University of Delhi, 10 September 2009.

  12. “Conversions to Islam in Kashmir: A Look at the Role of Ṛṣis,” at the Department of Political Science, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, 5-7 October 2009.

  13. “Meat-Eating and Related Issues in Buddhism,” Public Lecture, Sahu Ram Swaroop Girl’s College, Bareilly, 13 September 2010.

  14. “The Decline of Buddhism in India,” at the Preah Sihanouk Raja Buddhist University, Battambang Campus, Battambang, Cambodia, 18 November 2010.

  15. “Management and Economics with Buddhist Morals,” at the University of Management  and Economics, Battambang, Cambodia, 18 November 2010.

  16. “Buddhist Economics: Where People not Goods Matter,” at the Paññāsāstra University of Cambodia, South Campus, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 13 January 2011.

  17. “Youth, Buddhism, and Modern Globalization,” at the Institut Bouddhique, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 11 March 2011.

  18. “Role of Buddhism in Globalizing World,” at the Royal Academy of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 17 March 2011.

  19. “Buddhism and Business Ethics,” at the Build Bright University, Phnom Penh Center, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 28 March 2011.

  20. “Non-violence and Vegetarianism in Jaina and Buddhist View” at the Sixth Acharya Tulsi Shrut Samvardhani Vyakhyanmala Keynote Speech, Jain Vishva Bharati University, Ladnun, Rajasthan, 17 October 2011.

  21. “Globalization and Buddhism,” the 43rd Foundation Day Lecture at the National Institute of Social Work and Social Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, 04 February, 2013.

  22. “Why did Buddhism decline in India?” at the Third World Youth Buddhist Seminar, held at Hong Kong Institute of Education, Tai Po, Hong Kong, 16-19 July 2013.

  23. “Decline of Buddhism in India,” D. Devahuti Memorial Lecture at the Archaeological Society of India, Qutab Institutional Area, New Delhi, 25 November 2014.

  24. “Research Methodology in Buddhist Studies,” at the Department of Pāli, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, 15 January 2015.

  25. “Vegetarianism:  A  Way  of  Healthy  Life,”  at  the  International  Summer  School Programme on Understanding Jainism at Jain Viśvabhāratī, Ladnun, 25 July 2015.

  26. “Buddhist Perspective on Ethical Values and Harmony,” at the Seminar on Harmony Perspective of Life, organized by Institute of Harmony and Peace Studies, New Delhi at the Gandhi Peace Foundation, New Delhi, 05 September 2015.

  27. “Buddhist Perspective on Sustainable Development,” at the National Institute of Social Work and Social Sciences (NISWASS), Bhubaneswar, Orissa, 19 September 2015.

  28. “Buddhism and Globalization,” public lecture at the Convocation Hall, RTM Nagpur University, 05 November 2015.

  29. “Relevance  of  Buddhism  in  Today‟s  World,”  guest  lecture  at  the  Kanya  Gurukul, Dehradun, 18 March 2016.

  30. “Sanghol and Buddhism,” special lecture at the Gordia Group of Industries, Sanghol, Punjab, 22 October, 2016.

  31. “Can we Build a Historical Biography of the Buddha?” special lecture at the Indian Institute of Travel and Tourism, Gwalior, 25 October 2016.

  32. “Historical Examination of the Religious Conversions in Early Medieval Punjab and Sind,” Dr Fauja Singh Memorial Lecture, Punjabi University, Patiala, 30 November 2016.

  33. “Bābā Nānak in Central Asia,” special lecture at the International Centre for Sikh Studies, Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib, New Delhi, 11 November 2017.

  34. “The Fire Temple of Baku, Udāsī Sampradāya, and Bābā Nānak,” special lecture at the International Centre for Sikh Studies, Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib, New Delhi, 11 November 2017.

  35. “Swami Vivekananda, Buddhism and Interfaith Dialogue,” special lecture at the Ramakrishan Mission Ashram, New Delhi, 11 September 2018.

  36. “Buddhism and Spirituality,” special lecture at the Department of Education, Amity University, NOIDA, 4 October 2018.

  37. “Buddhist Perspective on Peace and Conflict Resolution” at the UGC-Sponsored Short Time Course in Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution, Department of Buddhist Studies, Calcutta University, Kolkata, 14-20 November 2018.

© K. T. S. Sarao

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