Research Papers, Articles and Book Reviews

  1. Sarao, K.T.S., “Existentialism,” New Outlook, KM College, University of Delhi, 1983-84: 33-36.

  2. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddhism and Meat-eating,” New Outlook, KM College, University of Delhi, 1984-85: 43-45. Its revised version was also published as “Buddhist Attitude towards Meat-eating” in Tibet Journal, summer 2008, vol. 33, issue 2: 91-95.

  3. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddhism and Marxism on Liberty and Equality,” contributed at the National Conference on Buddhism and Marxism, Sampurṇānanda Sanskrit University, Varanasi, 17-23 February 1985) and subsequently published under the same title in Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, vol. XI, March 1987 (ISBN:0970-9754): 67-76.

  4. Sarao, K.T.S., “Meat-eating and Non-violence in Early Buddhism,” presented at the 7th Conference of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, Bologna, Italy, 8-13 July, 1985 and later published under the same title in Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, Vol. XII, March 1988 (ISBN:0970-9754): 69-80.

  5. Sarao, K.T.S., “Background to the Chinese Revolution of 1911,” study material for MA History Paper-VIII, of the School of Correspondence Courses & Continuing Education, University of Delhi, 1985.

  6. Sarao, K.T.S., “The Role of Nationalism in the Chinese Revolution of 1911,” study material for MA History Paper-VIII, of the School of Correspondence Courses & Continuing Education, University of Delhi, 1985.

  7. Sarao, K.T.S., “Origins and Development of the Revolutionary Movement in the Chinese Revolution of 1911,” study material for MA History Paper-VIII, of the School of Correspondence Courses & Continuing Education, University of Delhi, 1985.

  8. Sarao, K.T.S., “Early Buddhist Attitude towards Women,” presented at the 32nd International Congress of Asian and North African Studies, Hamburg, Germany, 31 August- 6 September 1986 (ISBN: 3-515-04808-1): Section 2: 150-152 and subsequently published under the same title in Aligarh Journal of Oriental Studies, Aligarh, Autumn 1986, Vol. III (2): 101-110. It revised edition was published both in English and Chinese under the same title in Universal Gate Buddhist Journal, Fo Guang Shan Foundation for Buddhist Culture and Education, Taiwan, Issue 19, January 2004: 1-33 and Issue 20, March 2004(ISSN: 1609-476X): 1-24.

  9. Sarao, K.T.S., “Study into the origins of Buddhism” in Indologica Taurinensia, Edizioni AIT, Torino (Italy), vols. XV-XVI, 1989-90: 305-318.

  10. Sarao, K.T.S., “On the Question of Dating,” New Outlook, KM College, University of Delhi, 1989-90: 83-87.

  11. Sarao, K.T.S., “Iron, urbanization and Buddhism,” Archìv Orientálnì, Oriental Institute, Praha, vol. 58, No.2, 1990: 102-124.

  12. Sarao, K.T.S., “Ācariyaparamparā and Date of the Buddha,” The Indian Historical Review published by the Indian Council of Historical Research, New Delhi, vol. XXX, nos. 1-2, January-July 2003 (ISSN: ‎0376-9836): 1-12.

  13. Sarao, K.T.S., “Travels and Travails,” New Outlook, KM College, University of Delhi, 1990-91: 78-88.

  14. Sarao, K.T.S., “Delhi as it was known to the Buddhists,” Historic Delhi, souvenir published on the occasion of the 52nd session of the Indian History Congress, Delhi, 21-23 February 1991: 24.

  15. Sarao, K.T.S., “B.R. Ambedkar and His Neo-Buddhism,” New Outlook, KM College, University of Delhi, 1991-92: 33-40.

  16. Sarao, K.T.S., “Did the Buddha Really Belong to the Sixth-Fifth Centuries BC?” in H.S. Prasad (ed.); Philosophy, Grammar and Indology, Essays in honour of Professor Gustav Roth, Delhi: Indian Books Centre, 1992 (ISBN: 81-7030-362-1): 242-255.

  17. Sarao, K.T.S., “Ayodhyā as it was known to the Buddhists,” New Outlook, KM College, University of Delhi, 1992-93: 12-13.

  18. Sarao, K.T.S., “ckSˆ /eZ dh vk/qfud ;qx esa izklafxdrk,” ;qx mn~cks/u~, vol.1, No.1, January 1995: 18-19.

  19. Sarao, K.T.S., “Campā Mahānagara’s Contribution of the Development of Early Buddhism” in Sushma Kulshreshtha and Satyapal Narang (eds.), Saṃskṛta-Saṅgīta-Jagadīśvarī: Jewels in Sanskrit and Musicology: Prof Jagdish Sahai Kulshreshtha Felicitation Volume, Delhi: Eastern Book Linkers, 1995 (ISBN: 81-851-93-X): 385-390.

  20. Sarao, K.T.S., “Kururaṭṭha: the Ancient Kingdom of Delhi and its Role in the Development of early Buddhism,” Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, Vol. XX, 2000 (ISBN:0970-9754): 13-28.

  21. Sarao, K.T.S., “Double Tragedy: A Reappraisal of the Decline of Buddhism in India,” International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture, Dongguk University, vol. 1, No.1, February 2002: 97-108 (http://hompy.buddhapia.com/homepy/iabtc/files/Vol01_06_K%20T%20S%20Sarao.pdf) and further with minor modifications in S.R. Bhatt (ed.), Buddhist Thought and Culture in India and Korea, New Delhi: Indian Council of Philosophical Research, 2003 (ISBN: 81-85636-65-6): 327-340. The Chinese version of this paper was also published in Proceedings for the Symposium on Indian Religions, Art and Culture, Taipei: National Museum of History, 2003: 61-71.

  22. Sarao, K.T.S., “Staying Windward and Washing Eyes with Perfumed Water: An Examination of Upper Caste Attitude towards Caṇḍālas as Reflected in the Pāli Tipiṭaka,” Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, Vol. XXX, 2006 (ISBN:0970-9754): 1-13. Also published with minor modifications under the same title in H.S. Shukla and B. Kumar (eds.), Buddhism and Social Ideals (Proceedings of the National Seminar- 2001), Varanasi: Department of Pali and Buddhist Studies, BHU, 2009 (ISBN: 81-85305-32-3): 19-38.

  23. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddhist Quest for Deep Ecology,” Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, vol. XXI, March 2002(ISBN:0970-9754): 46-60. Also published with minor modifications in S.R. Bhatt (ed.), Buddhist Thought and Culture in India and Korea, New Delhi: Indian Council of Philosophical Research, 2003: 292-306. The Chinese version of this paper was also published in Sangha, Buddhist Seminary of Dharma Drum Sangha University, no. 17, February 2003: 5:22. A further revised version of this paper entitled “Buddhist Dharma as Deep Ecology,” was published in K. Sankarnarayan, K. Mahadevan et al (eds.), Dharma and Abhidharma, Mumbai: Somaiya Publications, vol. 1, 2007: 249-263.

  24. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddhism and Animal Rights,” Buddhist News Network (Sri Lanka) 22 October 2002 (www.buddhistnews.tv) as well as Daily News (Sri Lanka) 23 October 2002 (http://www.dailynews.lk/2002/10/23/fea08.html).

  25. Sarao, K.T.S., “On the Question of Peace and Harmony in the Post-Modern World: a Buddhist Approach,” Journal of Religious Studies, vol. XXXIII, Nos. 1 & 2, Guru Gobind Singh Department of Religious Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, Spring-Autumn 2002 (ISSN: 0047-2735): 8-20. The edited version of this paper was also published under the title “Social Harmony and World Peace in the Postmodern World: A Buddhist Approach” in Dharam Singh (ed.), Interfaith Dialogue: Different Perspectives, Patiala: Punjabi University Publication Bureau, 2002 (ISBN: 81-7380-858-9): 152-163.

  26. Sarao, K.T.S., “Anātman/Ātman (No-self/Self),” Encyclopedia of Buddhism (Editor-in-Chief: Robert E. Buswell, Jr), New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2003: 18-20.

  27. Sarao, K.T.S., “Vasubandhu,” Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP): A Peer-Reviewed Academic Resource, James Fieser and Bradley Dowden (gen. eds.), 2003. (http://www.iep.utm.edu/v/vasubandhu.htm).

  28. Sarao, K.T.S., “Indian Religions,” Land of Spirituality: Glimpses of Indian Civilization, Taipei: National Museum of History, 2003 (ISBN: 957-01-3928-5): 38-54 (Chinese version) & 281-287 (English version).

  29. Sarao, K.T.S., “Ancient Indian Buddhism and Ahiṃsā,” Universal Gate Buddhist Journal, Fo Guang Shan Foundation for Buddhist Culture and Education, Taiwan, Issue 13, January 2003 (ISSN: 1609-476X): 1-40 (published both in English and Chinese).

  30. Sarao, K.T.S., “Indian Buddhism,” Rhythms Monthly, Journal of the Tzu Chi Buddhist Foundation, Taiwan, September 2003: 86-89.

  31. “Sarao, K.T.S., The Concept of Anātman in Buddhism,” Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, vol. XXIV, Feb 2004 (ISBN:0970-9754): 47-58.

  32. Sarao, K.T.S., “In Harmony with Nature” in Renuka Singh (ed.), The Path of the Buddha, Delhi: Penguin Books, 2004 (ISBN: 10-987-654321): 157-163.

  33. Sarao, K.T.S., “Ajatashatru (Ajātaśatru, Ajātasattu,” in Phillis G. Jestice (ed.), Holy People of the World: A Cross Cultural Encyclopedia, vol. I, Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2004: 28.

  34. Sarao, K.T.S., “Ānanda,” Ibid.49-50.

  35. Sarao, K.T.S., “Anāthapiṇḍika,” Ibid.50-51.

  36. Sarao, K.T.S., “Ashoka (Aśoka),” Ibid.73.

  37. Sarao, K.T.S., “Bimbisāra,” Ibid.124-125.

  38. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddha,” Ibid.143-144.

  39. Sarao, K.T.S., “Devadatta,” Ibid.228-229.

  40. Sarao, K.T.S., “Gautama (Gotama),” Ibid.294-296.

  41. Sarao, K.T.S., “Nāgasena,” Ibid. vol.II.621.

  42. Sarao, K.T.S., “Rāhula,” Ibid. vol.III.719-720.

  43. Sarao, K.T.S., “Shāriputra (Śāriputra, Sāriputta,” Ibid.790.

  44. Sarao, K.T.S., “Tārā,” Ibid.840-841.

  45. Sarao, K.T.S., “Upagupta,” Ibid.877.

  46. Sarao, K.T.S., “Upaka,” Ibid.877-878.

  47. Sarao, K.T.S., “Upāli,” Ibid.878.

  48. Sarao, K.T.S., “Vacchagotta,” Ibid.881.

  49. Sarao, K.T.S., “Vimalakīrti (Vimalakitti,” Ibid.894-895.

  50. Sarao, K.T.S., “Pāli Buddhism and in-laws of the Buddha,” The Indian International Journal of Buddhist Studies, Vol. X, No. 5, 2004 (ISSN: 0972-4893): 101-118. It revised version entitled “In-laws of the Buddha as Depicted in Pāli Sources,” was published in Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal, Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, Jinshan, Taiwan, vol. 17, June 2004 (ISSN: 1017-7132): 243-266 (http://www.chibs.edu.tw/publication/chbs/10/chbs1010.htm).

  51. Sarao, K.T.S., “Kailāsh-Mānasarovar Pilgrimage: The Indian Route,” Proceedings of the Teachers’ Conference of the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, Jinshan (Taiwan) 13 November 2004: 112-127.

  52. Sarao, K.T.S., “Freedom and Human Rights in Tibet: A Pilgrim’s Impressions,” Collected Papers: International Symposium on Exile Tibetan Issues: Freedom, Human Rights and Democratic Transition of Tibetans in Exile, Taipei: Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission, Government of Republic of China, 2005: 178-216.

  53. Sarao, K.T.S., “Ancestry of ‘Dhammacakka’,” Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, vol. XXVI, Feb 2005 (ISBN:0970-9754): 35-39.

  54. Sarao, K.T.S., “Perspective of Indian Buddhism on Gender Bias,” The Journal of Religious Studies, vol. XXXVI, Nos. 1 & 2, Guru Gobind Singh Department of Religious Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, Spring-Autumn 2005(ISSN: 0047-2735): 24-43.

  55. Sarao, K.T.S., Book-review of The Buddhist Omnibus with an Introduction ed. by Mathew T. Kapstein, New Delhi: OUP, 2004 in The Journal of Religious Studies, vol. XXXVI, Nos. 1 & 2, Guru Gobind Singh Department of Religious Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, Spring-Autumn 2005(ISSN: 0047-2735): 164-166.

  56. Sarao, K.T.S., “On the Question of Animosity of the Brāhmaṇas and Persecution by Brāhmaṇical Kings Leading to the Decline of Buddhism in India,” Chung-Hwa Buddhist Studies, Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, Jinshan, Taiwan, vol. 10, March 2006: 255-292.

  57. Sarao, K.T.S., “Flourishing and Fading: A Slice of Developmental History of Indian Buddhism” in Wang Tuancheng (ed.), Dust in the Wind: Retracing Dharma Master Xuanzang’s Western Pilgrimage, Taipei: Rhythms Monthly, ISBN 9868141982, 9789868141988, 2006: 366-373.

  58. Sarao, K.T.S., “Were Islamic Attacks Responsible for the Decline of Buddhism in India?” Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, vol. XXXI, March 2007 (ISBN:0970-9754): 14-22.

  59. Sarao, K.T.S., “Charity in Buddhism,” in Yudit K. Greenberg (ed.), Encyclopedia of Love in World Religions, vol. I, Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2008: 108-109.

  60. Sarao, K.T.S., “Soul,” Ibid. vol. II.587-588.

  61. Sarao, K.T.S., “Did Puṣyamitra Śuṅga Persecute the Buddhists?” Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, vol. XXXII, March 2007 (ISBN:0970-9754): 31-45. Its revised version was published as “Puṣyamitra Śuṅga: Was He a Persecutor of the Buddhists?” in Gyānāyanī, vol. 4, 2008: 256-272.

  62. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddhist Perspective on Gender Bias” in Le Manh That & Thich Nhat Tu (eds.), Buddhist Contribution to Social Justice, The United Nations Day of Vesak 2008 in Vietnam, Workshop 2, Hanoi: Culture and Information Press, 2008 (ISBN: 174189389-5): 21-32.

  63. Sarao, K.T.S., “Role of Buddhist Economics in Building a Just Society” in Le Manh That & Thich Nhat Tu (eds.), Engaged Buddhism and Development, The United Nations Day of Vesak 2008 in Vietnam, Workshop 3, Hanoi: Culture and Information Press, 2008 (ISBN: 174189387-9): 145-154.

  64. Sarao, K.T.S., Book-review of Greater Magadha: Studies in the Culture of Early India by Johannes Bronkhorst, Leiden, Boston: E.J. Brill, 2007 in Orientalistische Leiteraturzeitung, No. 103, Vol. 2, 2008: 250-254.

  65. Sarao, K.T.S., Book-review of Understanding Our Mind by Thich Nhat Hanh, New Delhi: HarperCollins Publishers India, 2008 in The Book Review, No. XXXIII, Vol. 5, May 2009: 10-11.

  66. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddhist Economics: Where People not Goods Matter” in Andrea Loseries (ed.), Buddhism and Its Social Significance for Asian World, Santiniketan: Centre for Buddhist Studies, Visva-Bharati, 2009 (ISBN 978-81-908212-5-4): 129-141.

  67. Sarao, K.T.S., “The Concept of Ecology and Eco-Culture in India” in Yu In-Chon (ed.), Asian Eco-culture, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Government of Republic of Korea, Seoul, 2009 (ISBN 978-89-7820-272-5): 262-276.

  68. Sarao, K.T.S., “The Silk Road, Arabs, and Buddhism in Sind,” Supriya Rai (ed.), Buddhist Culture in Asia: Unity in Diversity, vol. 2, Mumbai & New Delhi: Somaiya Publications Pvt. Ltd., 2009: 307-320.

  69. Sarao, K.T.S., “Initial Encounters between Buddhism and Islam in India: A Case Study of Sind” in Abdollah Shayanrad (editor-in-chief), Adyan: Peaceful Co-Existence in Islam and Indian Religions, Al-Mustafa Islamic Research Society, Iran, 2010: 56-73.

  70. Sarao, K.T.S., “Puṣyamitra Śuṅga, a Hindu Ruler in the Second Century BCE, was a Great Persecutor of the Buddhists: Contrary View” in Steven L. Danver (ed.), Popular Controversies in World History: Investigating History’s Intriguing Questions, Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2010 (ISBN 1-59884-079-7), vol. 2: 95-102.

  71. Sarao, K.T.S., “The Historical Buddha was Born in 563 BCE and Lived to 483 BCE: Contrary View,” Ibid. 336-346.

  72. Sarao, K.T.S., “Tantra and Decline of Buddhism” in Radhavallabh Tripathi (ed.), Universal Message of Buddhist Tradition (With Special Reference to Pāli Literature), New Delhi: Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, nd (ISBN: 978-81-86111-36-9): 92-105.

  73. Sarao, K.T.S., “Western Tibet: A Pilgrim’s Impressions,” Dialogue, A Journal of Astha Bharati, New Delhi, vol. 11, no. 4, April-June 2010 (ISSN: 0973-0095): 85-107.

  74. Sarao, K.T.S., “Da Tang Xiyuji and Other Chinese Sources on the Decline of Buddhism in India” in Prem Kumar Pant & Shankar Thapa (eds.), The Icon of Cultural Linkage with China, Kathmandu: Nepal China Society, 2010 (ISBN: 978-9937-2-2799-5): 181-214.

  75. Sarao, K.T.S., “Six Mahānagaras of the Time of the Buddha: Then and Now” in Liao Zhao-yu (ed.), Chuan yue cang liang--silu zhongyin wenhua jiaoliu zhan shenyun, Xiyu Wenhua Yanjiusuo, Beijing: Wenhua, 2010: 221-245.

  76. Sarao, K.T.S., “Xuanzang to Akbar: An Examination of the Decline of Buddhism in the Kashmir Valley,” The Journal of Kashmir Studies, A Journal of the Institute of Kashmir Studies, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, vol. IV, no. 1, 2010 (ISSN: 0975-6612): 22-38.

  77. Sarao, K.T.S., “Campā,” in Encyclopedia of Hinduism, vol. III, Indian Heritage Research Foundation USA and Rupa & Co, Delhi, 2010: 39-40.

  78. Sarao, K.T.S., “Devadaha,” Ibid.356.

  79. Sarao, K.T.S., “Koḷiya,” Ibid.vol.IV.86-87.

  80. Sarao, K.T.S., “Malla,” Ibid.vol.VI.456-457.

  81. Sarao, K.T.S., “Urban Settlements in Ancient India,” Ibid.vol.XI.61-64.

  82. Sarao, K.T.S., “Bhārukaccha, Dvāravatī, and Sīhapura: Three Important Cities of Gujarat as Known in Early Indian Buddhism” in Lalji Shravak (ed.), The State of Buddhism, Buddhists and Buddhist Studies in India and Abroad, Varanasi: Banaras Hindu University, Department of Pāli and Buddhist Studies, 2011: 217-228.

  83. Sarao, K.T.S., “Brāhmaṇical-Hindu and Buddhist Conversions to Islam in India: An Examination of General Trends with Special Reference to Eastern India,” The Indian International Journal of Buddhist Studies, No. XII, 2011(ISSN: 0972-4893): 51-69.

  84. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddhism and Islam in India: An Examination of Conversions to Islam in Sind, Bengal, and Kashmir,” International Journal of Religious Thoughts, Al-Mustafa International University of Iran, Spring Quarterly, no. 1, 2011: 45-66. Its revised version was published as “Some Reflections on Buddhist Conversions to Islam in Sindh, Bengal, and Kashmir” in Lalji Shravak and Charles Willeman (eds.), Dharmapravicaya: Aspects of Buddhist Studies, Professor N.H. Samtani Felicitation Volume,” Delhi: Buddhist World Press, 2012: 321-338.

  85. Sarao, K.T.S., “Research Methodology in Buddhist Studies” in S.P. Sharma, B. Labh et al (eds.), The Ocean of Buddhist Wisdom, vol. 5, Delhi: New Bhartiya Book Corporation, 2011 (ISBN: 978-81-8315-166-5): 12-42.

  86. Sarao, K.T.S., “Xuanzang as a Source for the Study of Decline of Buddhism in India,” Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Xuanzang, Yanshi, Henan, People’s Republic of China, 4-6 October 2011: 460-470.

  87. Sarao, K.T.S., “Faxian, Xuanzang, Yijing, Hye Ch’o and Zhao Rugua as Sources for the Study of the Decline of Buddhism in India” in Anita Sharma (ed.) Buddhism in East Asia: Aspects of History’s First Universal Religion Presented in the Modern Context, Delhi: Vidyanidhi Prakashan, 2012: 140-158.

  88. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddhism and World Peace,” Middle Path: 2556th Buddha Jayanti Souvenir, Mahabodhi Society of India, New Delhi, 2012: 47-52.

  89. Sarao, K.T.S., “Ṣūfī Mysticism and Indian Religions,” International Journal of Religious Thoughts, Al-Mustafa International University of Iran, vol. 1, no. 4, Winter 2012: 5-15.

  90. Sarao, K.T.S., “The Theravādin Concept of Cāga and its Importance in Buddhism,” Bodhi-Pāṭha, Journal of the Buddha Education Foundation, Delhi, July-December, 2012: 27-29.

  91. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddhism: Origin, Development, Decline and Re-establishment,” J.S. Ahluwalia and Kamaljeet Kaur (eds.), Insights into Major World Religions, Fatehgarh Sahib: Sri Guru Granth Sahib World University, 2012: 171-191.

  92. Sarao, K.T.S., “Some Reflections on the Twilight Period of Buddhism in the Kashmir Valley” in Nirmala Sharma (ed.), Buddhism in Kashmir, New Delhi: Indian Council for Cultural Relations and Aditya Prakashan, 2012: 122-134.

  93. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddhism and Consumer Ethics” in Renuka Singh (ed.), Buddhism: Message of Peace, New Delhi: Foundation of SAARC Writers and Literature, 2012 (81-88703-29-X): 23-41.

  94. Sarao, K.T.S., “Banteay Srei, the Cambodian Citadel of Women: A Look at the Scenes from the Ancient Indian Epics and the Purāṇas” in Anjana Sharma (ed.), Civilizational Dialogue: Asian Inter-Connections and Cross-cultural Exchanges, New Delhi: Manohar, 2012: 219-232.

  95. Sarao, K.T.S., “The Impact of Silk Road Buddhism on Sindh” in Shankar Thapa and Anita Sharma (eds.), Buddhism in East Asia: Continuity and Change in the Great Tradition, Delhi: Vidyanidhi Prakashan, 2013 (ISBN: 978-93-80651-55-2): 126-140.

  96. Sarao, K.T.S., “Anātman,” Oxford Bibliographies: Buddhism, ed. Richard Payne, Oxford University Press, New York, 01 October 2013.

  97. Sarao, K.T.S. and Anita Sharma, “The Buddhist and Jaina Texts” in D.K. Chakrabarti and M. Lal (eds.), A History of Ancient India, Volume III: The Texts, Political History and Administration till c.200 BC, Delhi: Vivekananda International Foundation and Aryan Books International, 2013 (ISBN-13: 978-8173054822): 127-180.

  98. Sarao, K.T.S., “Janapadas, Mahājanapadas, Kingdoms, and Republics” in D.K. Chakrabarti and M. Lal (eds.), A History of Ancient India, Volume III: The Texts, Political History and Administration till c.200 BC, Delhi: Vivekananda International Foundation and Aryan Books International, 2013 (ISBN-13: 978-8173054822): 183-204.

  99. Sarao, K.T.S., “Dissent and Protest in Early Indian Buddhism with Special Reference to Devadatta” in Vijaya Ramaswamy (ed.), Devotion and Dissent in Indian History, Delhi: Cambridge University Press, 2014 (ISBN-13: 978-9382993193): 31-48.

  100. Sarao, K.T.S., “Road Blocks in Sustainable Development and Social Change: A Buddhist Critique of Modern Capitalism and Globalization” in Thich Nhat Tu and Thich Duc Thien (eds.), Buddhism for Sustainable Development and Social Change, Vietnam Buddhist University Series 21, Hanoi: Religion Press, 2014: 1-18.

  101. Sarao, K.T.S., “Pilgrimage to Mt Kailash: The Abode of Lord Śiva,” Dialogue, A Journal of Astha Bharati, New Delhi, vol. 16, no. 2, October-December 2014 (ISSN: 0973-0095): 214-231.

  102. Sarao, K.T.S., “The Dalai Lama: Person and the Institution,” Dialogue, A Journal of Astha Bharati, New Delhi, vol. 16, no. 3, January-March 2015 (ISSN: 0973-0095): 71-85.

  103. Sarao, K.T.S., “Brāhmaṇical-Hindu and Animistic Practices in Modern Cambodian Buddhism” in Thich Nhat Tu (ed.), Buddhism in the Mekong Delta, Ho Chi Minh City: Vietnam National University Press, 2015 (ISBN: 978-604-73-3764-4): 516-528.

  104. Sarao, K.T.S., “Some Reflections on the Conundrum of the Decline of Buddhism in India,” History Today, Journal of History and Historical Archaeology, no. 16, 2015 (ISBN-10: 8124604304): 6-17.

  105. Sarao, K.T.S., “Abhidhamma Piṭaka,” in K.T.S. Sarao and J.D. Long (eds.), Buddhism and Jainism: Encyclopedia of Indian Religions, vol. I, Dordrecht and New York: Springer, 2017 (ISBN 978-94-024-0851-5. DOI10.1007/978-94-024-0852-2): 1-5.

  106. Sarao, K.T.S., “Ahiṃsā, Buddhism,” Ibid.19-27.

  107. Sarao, K.T.S., “Ajātasattu (Ajātaśatru),” Ibid.52-54.

  108. Sarao, K.T.S., “Alchi,” Ibid.66-70.

  109. Sarao, K.T.S., “Ambapālī (Āmrapālī),” Ibid.91-93.

  110. Sarao, K.T.S., “Ānanda,” Ibid.106-109.

  111. Sarao, K.T.S., “Anāthapiṇḍika,” Ibid.114-116.

  112. Sarao, K.T.S., “Anattā (Anātman),” Ibid.116-123.

  113. Sarao, K.T.S., “Aṅgulimāla,” Ibid.128-130.

  114. Sarao, K.T.S., “Aṅguttara Nikāya,” Ibid.130-132.

  115. Sarao, K.T.S., “Anotatta,” Ibid.135-136.

  116. Sarao, K.T.S., “Apadāna,” Ibid. 142-144.

  117. Sarao, K.T.S., “Ariyasacca,” Ibid. 156-159.

  118. Sarao, K.T.S., “Aśokāvadāna,” Ibid. 178-180.

  119. Sarao, K.T.S., “Avalokiteśvara,” Ibid. 207-209.

  120. Sarao, K.T.S., “Ayodhyā, Buddhism,” Ibid. 211-213.

  121. Sarao, K.T.S., “Bimbisāra,” Ibid. 248-250.

  122. Sarao, K.T.S., “Bodhi,” Ibid. 255-258.

  123. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddhavaṃsa,” Ibid. 299-300.

  124. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddhist Councils,” Ibid.300-304.

  125. Sarao, K.T.S., “Cāga (Tyāga),” Ibid.306-307.

  126. Sarao, K.T.S., “Cakka (Cakra),” Ibid.307-309.

  127. Sarao, K.T.S., “Caṇḍāla, Buddhism,” Ibid.309-311.

  128. Sarao, K.T.S., “Cariyāpiṭaka,” Ibid.314-316.

  129. Sarao, K.T.S., “Caste, Buddhism,” Ibid.317-324.

  130. Sarao, K.T.S., “Date of the Buddha (Buddhist Eras),” Ibid.351-358.

  131. Sarao, K.T.S., “Decline of Indian Buddhism,” Ibid.366-374.

  132. Sarao, K.T.S., “Devadatta,” Ibid.375-380.

  133. Sarao, K.T.S., “Dhammapada,” Ibid.388-390.

  134. Sarao, K.T.S., “Dhammasaṅgaṇī,” Ibid.390-392.

  135. Sarao, K.T.S., “Dīgha Nikāya,” Ibid.408-410.

  136. Sarao, K.T.S., “Divyāvadāna,” Ibid. 414-416.

  137. Sarao, K.T.S., “Ecology, Buddhism,” Ibid. 433-438.

  138. Sarao, K.T.S., “Economics, Buddhism,” Ibid. 441-446.

  139. Sarao, K.T.S., “Euthanasia in Indian Buddhism,” Ibid. 491-492.

  140. Sarao, K.T.S., “Folklore, Buddhism,” Ibid. 507-509.

  141. Sarao, K.T.S., “History of Indian Buddhism,” Ibid. 561-578.

  142. Sarao, K.T.S., “Human Rights, Buddhism,” Ibid. 583-586.

  143. Sarao, K.T.S., “Itivuttaka,” Ibid. 596-597.

  144. Sarao, K.T.S., “Jātaka,” Ibid. 601-604.

  145. Sarao, K.T.S., “Kailash,” Ibid. 621-633.

  146. Sarao, K.T.S., “Kapilavatthu (Kapilavastu),” Ibid. 647-649.

  147. Sarao, K.T.S., “Kassapa,” Ibid. 665-668.

  148. Sarao, K.T.S., “Kathāvatthu,” Ibid. 668-669.

  149. Sarao, K.T.S., “Khuddaka Nikāya,” Ibid. 678-680.

  150. Sarao, K.T.S., “Kisā Gotamī,” Ibid. 690-691.

  151. Sarao, K.T.S., “Kuṇāla,” Ibid. 702-704.

  152. Sarao, K.T.S., “Kusinārā (Kuśinagara),” Ibid. 705-706.

  153. Sarao, K.T.S., “Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra,” Ibid. 707-709.

  154. Sarao, K.T.S., “Lalitavistara,” Ibid. 707-709.

  155. Sarao, K.T.S., “Lumbinī,” Ibid. 727-728.

  156. Sarao, K.T.S., “Magadha,” Ibid. vol. II. 737-739.

  157. Sarao, K.T.S., “Mahāyāna,” Ibid. 737-739.

  158. Sarao, K.T.S., “Majjhima Nikāya,” Ibid. 751-753.

  159. Sarao, K.T.S., “Mānasarovara,” Ibid. 758-760.

  160. Sarao, K.T.S., “Meru, Buddhism,” Ibid. 788-790.

  161. Sarao, K.T.S., “Moggallāna (Maudgalyāyana),” Ibid. 799-801.

  162. Sarao, K.T.S., “Mudita,” Ibid. 802-803.

  163. Sarao, K.T.S., “Nāgasena,” Ibid. 816-817.

  164. Sarao, K.T.S., “Nālandā,” Ibid. 816-817.

  165. Sarao, K.T.S., “Pajāpati Gotamī (Prajāpati Gautamī),” Ibid. 851-853.

  166. Sarao, K.T.S., “Pasenadi,” Ibid. 894-895.

  167. Sarao, K.T.S., “Paṭisambhidāmagga,” Ibid. 901-903.

  168. Sarao, K.T.S., “Paṭṭhāna,” Ibid. 903-905.

  169. Sarao, K.T.S., “Persecution in Indian Buddhism,” Ibid. 905-914.

  170. Sarao, K.T.S., “Petavatthu,” Ibid. 914-916.

  171. Sarao, K.T.S., “Pilgrimage, Buddhism,” Ibid. 924-932.

  172. Sarao, K.T.S., “Pluralism, Buddhism,” Ibid. 934-935.

  173. Sarao, K.T.S., “Puggalapaññatti,” Ibid. 976-978.

  174. Sarao, K.T.S., “Puṣyamitra Śuṅga,” Ibid. . 981-987.

  175. Sarao, K.T.S., “Rāhula,” Ibid. 989-991.

  176. Sarao, K.T.S., “Rahul Sankrityayan,” Ibid. 991-993.

  177. Sarao, K.T.S., “Rāma in Indian Buddhism,” Ibid. 996-998.

  178. Sarao, K.T.S., “Rāmāyaṇa in Indian Buddhism,” Ibid. 998-999.

  179. Sarao, K.T.S., “Saṃgha,” Ibid. 1070-1072.

  180. Sarao, K.T.S., “Saṃsāra, Buddhism,” Ibid. 1075-1076.

  181. Sarao, K.T.S., “Saṃyutta Nikāya,” Ibid. 1077-1078.

  182. Sarao, K.T.S., “Sāñcī (Sanchi),” Ibid. 1079-1086.

  183. Sarao, K.T.S., “Sāriputta (Śāriputra),” Ibid. 1097-1100.

  184. Sarao, K.T.S., “Sāvatthī (Śrāvastī),” Ibid. 1124-1126.

  185. Sarao, K.T.S., “Suicide in Indian Buddhism,” Ibid. 1171-1173.

  186. Sarao, K.T.S., “Sutta-Nipāta,” Ibid. 1190-1192.

  187. Sarao, K.T.S., “Sutta Piṭaka,” Ibid. 1185-1190.

  188. Sarao, K.T.S., “Tārā, Buddhism,” Ibid. 1207-1209.

  189. Sarao, K.T.S., “Thera- and Therīgāthā,” Ibid. 1234-1236.

  190. Sarao, K.T.S., “Tipiṭaka,” Ibid. 1272-1274.

  191. Sarao, K.T.S., “Udāna,” Ibid. 1293-1294.

  192. Sarao, K.T.S., “Upagupta,” Ibid. 1297-1299.

  193. Sarao, K.T.S., “Upāli,” Ibid. 1299-1300.

  194. Sarao, K.T.S., “Vārāṇasī (Bārāṇasī),” Ibid. 1342-1345.

  195. Sarao, K.T.S., “Vasubandhu,” Ibid. 1346-1352.

  196. Sarao, K.T.S., “Vegetarianism in Indian Buddhism,” Ibid. 1353-1354.

  197. Sarao, K.T.S., “Vesālī (Vaiśālī),” Ibid. 1359-1361.

  198. Sarao, K.T.S., “Vibhaṅga,” Ibid. 1361-1362.

  199. Sarao, K.T.S., “Vihāra,” Ibid. 1362-1365.

  200. Sarao, K.T.S., “Vikramaśilā,” Ibid. 1372-1374.

  201. Sarao, K.T.S., “Vimānavatthu,” Ibid. 1382-1383.

  202. Sarao, K.T.S., “Women in Indian Buddhism,” Ibid. 1410-1418.

  203. Sarao, K.T.S., “Yamaka,” Ibid. 1428-1430.

  204. Sarao, K.T.S., “Search for the Jaina Aṣṭāpada,” Native India, vol. 2, Issue, 5, April-June 2017 (ISSN: 2455-9334): 2-4.

  205. Sarao, K.T.S., “Legends as Sources of History: An Examination of Legends Pertaining to the Biography of the Buddha,” Presidential Address (Ancient Section), Proceedings, Punjab History Conference, 48th Session, March 4-6, 2016, Patiala: Publications Bureau, Punjabi University, 2017: 10-18.

  206. Sarao, K.T.S., “Translating Suttas from Pāli to English: Some Methodological Reflections” in Bimalendra Kumar and Ujjwal Kumar (eds.), Pariyatti: Studies in Pāli Language and Literature, New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan, 2017 (ISBN: 978-81-7742-163-7): 291-308.

  207. Sarao, K.T.S., “The Mahājvālā Temple of Baku: Azerbaijan: An Example of the Wonder that was India,” Proceedings of the World History Conference, 2017 on Values, Ethics and Culture: Past and Present, 4-5 October 2017 (ISBN: 978-81-8011-2225): 11-24.

  208. Sarao, K.T.S., “Indraprastha as it was known to the Ancient Indian Buddhists” in Neera Misra and Rajesh Lal (eds.), Indraprastha Revisited, Delhi: B.R. Publishing Corporation, 2017 (ISBN: 978-93-8622-3678): 191-196.

  209. Sarao, K.T.S., “Legends as Source of History: An Examination of Legends Pertaining to the Biography of the Buddha,” Presidential Address (Ancient Section), 48th Session of the Punjab History Conference Proceedings, Patiala: Publication Bureau, Punjabi University, 2017: 10-18.

  210. Sarao, K.T.S., “Research Methodology Employed in the Study of Cultural Diversity in India” in Daljit Singh (ed.), Cultural Diversity and National Integration in India, Patiala: Publication Bureau, Punjabi University, 2017: 157-178.

  211. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddhist-Muslim Encounter in Sind During the Eighth Century,” Bulletin of the Deccan College, vol. 77, 2017: 75-94.

  212. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddhism in Southeast Asia” in Sonia Jasrotia (ed.), Buddhism in Southeast Asia, Gurugram: Shubhi Publication, 2018 (ISBN: 978-818290-484-2): 10-19.

  213. Sarao, K.T.S., “बाकू का अग्नि मन्दिर, बाबा नानक व उदासी परम्परा” (“Bāku kā Agni Maṅdir, Bābā Nānak va Udāsī Paraṃparā” in Hindi), इतिहास (Itihāsa), part 4, no. 4, January-June, 2018 (ISSN: 2318-8818): 70-84.

  214. Sarao, K.T.S., “Buddhist Perspective on Sustainable Development” in Amar K.J.R. Nayak (ed.), Transition Strategies for Sustainable Community Systems: Design and Systems Perspective, Switzerland, AG: Springer Nature, 2019 (ISBN: 978-30300-0355-5): 39-50. Its revised version was published as “Buddhist Approach to Responsible Consumption and Sustainable Development” in Thich Nhat Tu and Thich Duc Thien (eds.), Buddhist Approach to Responsible Consumption and Sustainable Development, Hanoi: Hong Duc Publishing House, 2019 (ISBN: 978-604-89-7930-0): 311-329.

  215. Sarao, K.T.S., “Contours of the History of Buddhism in India” in Thich Nhat Tu (ed.), Buddhism Around the World, Hanoi: Religion Publisher, 2019 (ISBN: 978-604-61-6261-2): 209-240.

© K. T. S. Sarao

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